Tips for Amazingly Comfortable Work Boots

by Mark Paigen 8 min read

20 Comments

Best work boot insoles

You’re on your feet all day. When you come home from work, your feet are killing you. If you put on a pair of work boots instead of loafers before heading to work, your shoes are critical for protection, safety, and comfort. On the outside, your boots are built to be durable. But many boot manufacturers pay less attention to fit and comfort. Find out how adding a pair of insoles to your work books can save your feet.

Quick Summary ---

  • Fit is the most important thing to consider when you're buying work boots. Look for quality boots that fit well and pay attention to length, width and overall volume.
  • Cushioned outsoles increase comfort. Unless you're a logger or a lineman, look for boots featuring outsoles with cushioning.
  • Choose socks that keep your feet dry and comfortable. Avoid cotton as it traps moisture around your feet. Wool is excellent (winter and summer), polyester can be comfortable as well.
  • All day comfort is difficult without strong arch support. Your feet, legs, hips and back need a solid foundation. Think of insoles as the most important tool in your toolbox. No other tool will contribute to your job satisfaction as much as a pair of insoles that deliver comfort all day long.

SHOP COMFORT INSOLES

All the Details ---

Work boots are designed for safety in the workplace. In fact, both the US Department of Labor and OSHA require that employers ensure their employees are wearing protective footwear if their job poses a danger to their feet.

While various governing bodies dictate the outside structure of the work boot, none provide guidelines for the inside. Without proper support in your work boots, you'll probably find yourself saying "my work boots are killing me." The extra strain on your bones and joints can lead to painful conditions like shin splints, plantar fasciitis, and knee pain. Proper support is essential for avoiding injury and keeping you at 100% on the job. This is especially true for people with arthritis and flat feet.

There are ways to make your work boots more comfortable so they keep you going through your work day.

How Should Work Boots Fit?

Boot fit is vital for foot comfort. You won’t get a good fit if you rush the fitting process. Make sure you try on a few different boots before making a selection. Boots that are too short or too narrow will crowd your feet and be uncomfortable. Boots that are too big allow too much movement and will cause blisters and hot spots.

  1. Wear the socks that you will wear on the job. Polyester or wool/synthetic blends will keep your feet more comfortable than cotton – winter and summer. Cushioning on the bottom of the socks will provide an added level of comfort. 
  2. Test for length. Slide your foot forward until your toes touch the front of the boot. Bend your knee forward. The width of your index finger should fit between the heel of your foot and the back of the shoe – no more, no less. Test both feet.
  3. Make sure that the laces can keep your foot comfortably in place. Without being uncomfortably tight, they should prevent your foot from sliding to the front of the boot.
  4. Make sure that the boots flex at the ball of your foot. Avoid boots that bend in the area of your arch. They do not have adequate support.
  5. Know that your feet will swell at the end of a long day, especially when it’s hot. If possible, try boots on after work so your feet will be at their largest. 

What Are The Most Comfortable Work Boots?

If your steel toe boots are killing your toes or you just need your work boots to be more comfortable, look for boots with cushioned outsoles. Putting some cushion between your feet and the hard ground can make all the difference. Check out these brands with cushioned outsoles:

  1. Irish Setter - Ashby 6" boots #83606. Old school styling is back. Aluminum toed work boots with heat resistant outsoles. Made in USA and super comfortable.  
  2. Wolverine - Durashocks - 8" Waterproof, insulated boot with comfortable polyurethane outsoles.. Might double as a great upland hunting boot. 
  3. Timberland - PRO Hypercharge 6” Comp Toe Work Boots. #A1RVS214. This modified hiker style is waterproof features a cushioned outsole. 
  4. Keen - San Antonio Mid w/Aluminum toe. Running shoe inspired boot features a lightweight EVA midsole and a rubber outsole for comfort and durability. 

How Do I Get My Work Boots To Stop Hurting My Feet? 

You’ve taken the time to find a pair of cushion soled boots that fit well. Now think about the arches of your feet and support. Each day, the impact on your feet is equal to the weight of a fully loaded cement truck. Without strong arch support, your feet will suffer and your work boots will hurt your feet. 

Lack of arch support can lead to many different foot ailments. Plantar fasciitis, metatarsalgia, and tendinitis all have one thing in common. They can be addressed or avoided with arch support insoles. Here’s why arch support helps make work boots more comfortable.

  • Arch support relieves pressure on the ligament that connects your heel to your toes. This makes your feet feel comfortable at the end of the day and prevents the acute heel pain of plantar fasciitis.
  • Arch support spreads the impact of each step over the entire surface of your foot, reducing pressure on the heel and ball of your foot.
  • Arch support corrects alignment issues that cause pain in your knees, hips and back. Ensuring a stable foundation pays huge dividends in overall comfort.

Unfortunately, the stock insoles that come in work boots, even expensive ones, do not provide adequate support. Assuming you have chosen the right boots, nothing will improve their comfort as much as a pair of supportive insoles. When you’re buying insoles for your work boots, look for:

  1. Strong Support - Put the insoles on the table. If you can easily deflect the arch to the table, the insoles are not strong enough for a stable foundation. A soft, foam insole may feel great initially, but it won't correct the causes of foot pain or prevent biomechanical issues such as  overpronation. Get insoles as strong as you are.
  2. A Flawless Fit – Just as your boots need to fit, your insoles need to fit as well. Choose insoles that match the contours of your arch. A precise fit goes hand in glove with strong support to give all day comfort.
  3. Durability – When you invest in quality insoles, you don't want to have to replace them every six months. Tread Labs 2-part insole system is designed for the long haul. The molded arch supports are unconditionally guaranteed. Forever. The interchangeable top covers can be replaced inexpensively, as often as you like.

How Do I Choose The Right Work Boot? 

There are many kinds of work boots. A postman and a smoke jumper have very different needs. Here are some important features to consider:

  1. Boot height – Taller is better for linesmen and for protection in the deep woods. But taller boots are harder to put on and heavier. Shorter boots are lighter, cooler, and better for all-around use.
  2. Weight – The highest quality boots (Whites and Wescos) are massively strong but pretty darn heavy. Backpackers say that a pound on your feet is equal to 5 in your pack. Keep this in mind. In the past, heavier boots were associated with better support. Today, better materials and a greater understanding of arch support enable lighter weight boots to provide excellent overall support. 
  3. Water Resistance – Some boots have waterproof leathers. Some have waterproof membranes (Gore-Tex). Some are made with especially breathable materials. Waterproof boots can be great when you stand in water all day, but they do not let moisture out (despite the claims). Your feet will always feel hotter and wetter in boots with a waterproof membrane. Waterproof boots will also be harder to dry each night (see below).
  4. Safety Toes - Necessary on some job sites, steel-toed boots add weight and can make your feet cold in winter. Alternative protective footwear is made with composite protective toes instead of steel.
  5. Insulation – When the temps drop, insulated boots are a must for outdoor use. Know that these boots will be hot in summer and make your feet sweat. For summer, consider boots with fabric or mesh uppers. Not quite as durable, but worth a look if you are a UPS driver in Tucson.
  6. Boot Construction – Welted and stitchdown boots are built to last and can be resoled many times. Cement or direct construction – where the outsole attaches directly to the upper – can sometimes be resoled, depending on the boot. If resoling is important to you, ask your retailer for more information.
  7. Style – In the end, we all care about how we look. Choose from traditional moc-toe styles, contemporary hiker styles, or pull out the stops and go for the iron worker look.

Choose The Right Socks for Work Boot Comfort

Socks are often an afterthought. Cotton crew socks by the dozen, what’s the big deal? The big deal is moisture management. When your feet stay dry they stay cooler in summer, warmer in winter. Blisters don’t form on your softened skin and your socks maintain their cushion underfoot. Additionally, dry feet resist athletes foot and reduce the growth of bacteria, the cause of stinky feet. What are the best socks for work boots?

  • Not cotton - Cotton is absorbs moisture and holds it close to your foot. Wet cotton socks lose all their cushioning ability and feel horrible - winter and summer. They’re cheap, but that’s the only thing in their favor.
  • Polyester - This synthetic fiber does not absorb moisture. Instead the moisture is driven away by the heat from your foot. The cushioning of polyester socks maintains much better than cotton over the course of a long day.
  • Wool and wool blends - The best. Naturally antimicrobial (anti-stink), wool socks keep your feet dry and comfortable. The best ones offer cushion on the bottom and an open, ventilated weave on top. Thicker styles are better in winter.

Rotate and Maintain Your Work Boots

  • Rotate your boots - Most guys buy a pair of boots and wear them till they’re worn out. Boots (and shoes) last much longer if they are rotated in use. Alternating 2 pairs gives each one a chance to completely dry out between uses. Your boots will last longer and your feet will be more comfortable.
  • Dry your boots – Allow your boots to dry after a long day on the job. Boots like to air dry without excessive heat. Never subject your boots to more heat than your hand can stand. Remove insoles to speed drying. If your boots get soaked, fill them with wads of newspaper. It will draw out the moisture from within.
  • Keep your boots clean – Remove mud to keep the leather from drying out. A stiff brush works well and avoids getting your boots wet. Remove salt with a mild solution of vinegar and water.
  • Leather work boots like conditioners – All leathers benefit from conditioners. Boots should be clean and dry before applying conditioner. Oil-based treatments (SnoSeal, Mink Oil, Redwing Boot Oil) will soften the leather. Silicone or PTFE treatments (Nikwax, Graingers) add waterproofing without softening the leather. Either way, use leather conditioners to keep your boots comfortable.

Tips For Comfortable Work Boots

Stop your work boots from killing your feet and make them more comfortable. Strong, arch-supporting boot inserts will improve the comfort of all work boots, old or new. Pick your work boot insoles like you pick your tools. Invest in quality and you’ll save money in the long run. Look for strength and durability.  The most important thing is for you to experience the highest level of comfort possible. When you’re on your feet all day, make sure your feet are well supported no matter what kind of work boot you wear. It will make a huge difference in your job satisfaction.

SHOP INSOLES NOW

    Mark Paigen
    Mark Paigen


    20 Responses

    Dan- Tread Labs
    Dan- Tread Labs

    July 05, 2019

    Hi Joseph,
    There can be a lot of gimmicks that come and go when it comes to footwear, but boots, sneakers, and shoes that offer a supportive and comfortable fit will never go out of style.
    Comfort should be the first and foremost important factor when finding the right footwear.
    Please let us know if we can help answer any questions you may have about footwear or insoles.
    Thanks,
    Tread Labs

    Joseph Hawkins
    Joseph Hawkins

    July 05, 2019

    After a lot of trouble, I’ve finally realized this, comfort is always a key happiness rather than the latest trend. Now a days, i always opt for shoes which are comfortable rather than trending.

    Dan- Tread Labs
    Dan- Tread Labs

    June 24, 2019

    Hi Michael,
    While it is tempting to address heel pain with soft cushion insoles, these will only provide momentary relief. You need strong support to spread the weight evenly over your feet and support the plantar fascia.
    Tread Labs Stride insoles address both the cause and the symptoms of plantar fasciitis. Our insoles offer a dynamic arch support, available in 4 different heights, to provide a near custom fit.
    Please do not hesitate to reach out to us with any questions about how to measure your arches, and which insole may be right for you.
    Thanks,
    Tread Labs

    michael sharp
    michael sharp

    June 24, 2019

    i wear chainsaw boots all day 5 days a week and suffer badly from plantar fasciitis i use a after mkt insole but this dosnt help, also do the proper exercises , some relief but not much. any suggestions people ?? ps im 63 and 19st which does not help i know!

    Dan
    Dan

    April 30, 2019

    Hi David,
    Many styles of work boots do not offer a factory insert with the right level of support. For this reason we’ve found that adding an over the counter orthotic can add the proper elements for a perfect fit and feel to help you make it through your work day pain free.
    A boot which offers a removable factory insert will allow you to get the most out of the over the counter orthotic.
    The first step to finding relief will be to measure your arch height. Using the right level of arch support will help distribute weight evenly, taking pressure off of the arch as well as the heels.
    Here is a quick rundown of how to measure the arch height;

    1. Fill your tub with a small layer of water.

    2. Take two pieces of cardboard or heavy paper and set them on the floor.

    3. Step into the tub with one foot to wet the bottom of your foot.

    4. Lift up your foot and step onto one cardboard piece. Put your full weight on that one foot.

    5. Step off the cardboard and look down.

    Determine your arch height. If you see your entire footprint, you have a LOW arch. If you see half of your arch—like the typical “footprint in the sand” image—you have a MEDIUM (normal) arch. If you see a “C” shaped imprint, you have a HIGH arch. If you see just your heel, the ball of your foot and almost no arch at all you have an EXTRA HIGH arch.

    Once you have determined the arch height you’ll want to head over to our FIND YOUR FIT tool, this will determine the right insole style for you.
    Please feel free to reach out to us with any questions.
    Thanks,
    Tread Labs

    David B
    David B

    April 29, 2019

    Hey there,I’m a traffic Controller of many years. No matter what boots I wear they start hurting my feet. So I try different rubber to try lifting the back so it’s not jamming into my arch. Then,my arch hurts so I’m trying some other way to take that pressure off. Then my heels hurt. I’m really stuck for ideas,now going to work is a real challenge especially standing on asphalt all day. I’ve tried everything. Just can’t get both arch and heel comfortable at the same time.

    Dan-Tread Labs
    Dan-Tread Labs

    September 07, 2018

    Hi Kevin,
    We do ship to Australia. International shipping costs an additional $25 for 1-2 pairs, and $40 for 3-5 pairs.
    Thanks,
    Dan-Tread Labs

    Kevin Watson
    Kevin Watson

    September 07, 2018

    Do you ship to Australia?

    Dan, Tread Labs
    Dan, Tread Labs

    June 08, 2018

    Hi Sharon,
    Many of the factory inserts that come with work boots do not offer enough cushion and support. An over the counter insole, or one of Tread Labs semi-custom insoles, could be very beneficial for you and make your work shifts more comfortable.
    Thanks,
    Dan

    Sharon
    Sharon

    June 08, 2018

    Hi I work at the airport so my work boots are heavy duty but not contain metal as I have to go through security lots of time. They have been fine up till now . There only 3 months old . I’ve found that out of the blue the bull of my feet are very tender and are getting hard skin on them .do u have any ideas to make the more compfy like they once was

    Dan, Tread Labs
    Dan, Tread Labs

    May 14, 2018

    Hi Kelsey,
    Thanks for your question.
    Based on the discomfort you’ve described I’m lead to believe you have high arches.
    High arches can result in underpronation (more commonly known as supination). As a supinator, your arches don’t properly absorb the shock of walking/running. Your foot doesn’t sufficiently roll inward upon landing. In fact, a supinating foot has an inward motion of less than 15%. This means that most of the person’s body weight lands on the outer edges of each foot.
    All of Tread labs semi-custom insoles offer excellent pronation control.
    If your work boots offer a removable insert I would recommend taking a look at our Stride insole. If the boots do not offer a removable insert the Stride Short could be a great solution for you.
    Please feel free to give us a call at 781-435-0662 or send us an email with any other questions you may have.

    Kelsey
    Kelsey

    May 14, 2018

    I recently started a new job at a factory. I’m on my feet for twelve hours straight with few breaks to relieve the pain it brings my feet. I’m required to wear steel toed boots. The pain I find is along the sides of my feet and on my big toes. What insole would be best to help my feet be more comfortable and lastly pain free to make my work day easier??

    Dan-Tread Labs
    Dan-Tread Labs

    March 07, 2018

    Hi Z.D.,
    Thanks for reaching out to us.
    Tread Labs insoles are compatible with nearly all styles of footwear.
    We have found that for folks who’s shoe size falls between sizes, for instance, in some shoes you wear an 11.5 and in others you wear a 12, we recommend going with the smaller of the two sizes. In this scenario, the 10-11.5 would be the recommended size. This size insole will fit the arch more precisely, but also will fit the shoe better in terms of width. This may be the cause of the issue you had with the Dr. Martins.
    If I can assist with an exchange for the smaller size insole, if you think it would help, please contact me at 781-435-0662, or shoot me an email at hello@treadlabs.com
    Thanks,
    Dan

    Z. D.
    Z. D.

    March 03, 2018

    I use my tread lab insoles in a pair of Dr Martin work boots. After a year of use I noticed the insole is starting to wear through the boot on the side. I did not notice initially that the shoe is slightly narrow, causing the insole to not sit flush against the bottom of the boot on the sides. Are the brands listed above wide enough for the insole to fit inside the boot?

    Dan- Tread Labs
    Dan- Tread Labs

    December 29, 2017

    Hi Amanda,
    Thanks for taking an interest in Tread Labs.
    Feet can go through some changes over time, and what used to be a great choice in footwear starts to feel more and more uncomfortable as we get older.
    An insole with arch support very well could help with your heel pain, and give your boots new life.
    Tread Labs offers arch supports in several different heights, so there is a great fit for nearly everyone.
    Give us a call or send us an email and we can help find you the right pair of insoles to make those boots comfortable again.
    Thanks,
    Dan

    Amanda
    Amanda

    December 28, 2017

    Hi. I don’t know if my question pertains to work boots but I am out of places to look. When I was younger I could wear boots all day walking from class to class in college and then at my after school job and they didn’t bother me. Now that I’m in my 30’s after 3 hours the heels of my feet are killing me and my lower back aches. Even when I wear the same boots I used to. Am I just getting old or could there be a fix I’m overlooking? Again sorry if this question is off topic.

    Dan- Tread Labs
    Dan- Tread Labs

    November 15, 2017

    Hi DeWanda,

    If your work boots offer a removable factory insert I would recommend checking out the Stride insole. This insole will offer the most cushion of any of Tread Labs insoles. A 4mm thick top cover along with our medical grade orthotic gives ultimate support and comfort. For pain the forefoot region you may want to take a look at our Met Pad Kit. These pads easily adhere to any Tread Labs insole and can provide relief, from fore foot discomfort.
    Give us a call at 781-435-0662 if we can help in any way.
    Cheers,
    Dan

    DeWanda Coleman
    DeWanda Coleman

    November 10, 2017

    Bought new pair work boots from same company as usual the style was a little different…the old shoes where so comfortable. Even though they claim to have the same technology the shoe feels hard under the ball of my foot even on the out sides of my feet…there is plenty of room in the shoe. I would like to add more padding to those areas…can you recommend something.

    Sammy
    Sammy

    September 29, 2017

    I am going to be starting my first construction type job soon. I would like to buy some steel toed boots. I just hope they are comfortable to work long hours in.

    Tim @mybootprint
    Tim @mybootprint

    October 14, 2016

    Awesome article. Quality footwear is usually expensive, so any tips how to take good care of it and thus prolong its life are pure gold. In my opinion from all the tips, #2 is the most important. Getting quality and comfortable boots is crucial. If you get the low-quality boots, even with the best maintenance, they won’t last. I’ve also compiled a summary with the most comfortable boots for 2016 – check it here if you are interested.

    Leave a comment

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    Tread Labs Million Mile Guarantee

    Tread Labs unique 2-part insole system is designed for the long haul. The molded arch supports are unconditionally guaranteed. Forever. The interchangeable top covers are easy to replace, as often as you need.  

    Want proof? Try us for 30 days. If you’re not completely satisfied, send your insoles back for an exchange or full refund, we’ll cover US shipping.

    Tread Labs Shipping & Returns

    Shipping Policy

    USA - Everything we sell is shipped for free via USPS. Simple as that. Transit time is 3-4 business days. Expedited shipping is available for $35, orders must be received by 2 pm, east coast time.

    Canada - For our neighbors to the north, we offer a discounted standard shipping rate of $10. Transit time is 5-7 business days.

    International - We ship to most countries of the world. International shipping costs $30 for 1-2 pairs and $45 for 3-5 pairs. All duties, taxes and fees must be paid by the customer.

    Returns and Exchanges

    It can take time for your feet to get used to a new level of support. Wearing your new insoles for a few hours each day is a terrific way to achieve comfort. Our fit guarantee lasts for a month. Please give the insoles a chance to do their work.

    Concerned about the fit of the insole in your shoe or the size of the insole relative to your foot? Give us a call, we’d be delighted to help you find the best solution.

    Instructions for returns:

    USA -Tread Labs returns process is simple and easy. We’ll email you a pre-paid return label. You may return anything purchased from Tread Labs in exchange for another product or receive a credit to your original payment method.

    Initiate a Domestic (USA) Return – Click Here

    Canada and International - You may return anything purchased from Tread Labs for a credit to your original payment method. You are responsible for the return shipping costs.

    Please contact us for international returns

    Plantar Fasciitis Insoles: How They Help and Where to Find the Right Fit

    Discover why choosing the right insoles is counter-intuitive; the soft pillowy insoles that appear to cushion the best will actually prolong your discomfort.

    Quick Summary ---

    SHOP PLANTAR FASCIITIS INSOLES

    All the details ---

    What is Plantar Fasciitis?

    Your plantar fascia is a thick band of tissue that connects your heel bone to the base of your toes. You can feel your own plantar fascia by pulling your big toe towards your ankle and feeling the pronounced ridge that runs down the middle of your arch.

    Plantar fasciitis (fashy-EYE-tis) is an inflammation of this band of connective tissue. When the band is overstretched, tears occur on the surface of the fibrous tissue. Inflammation and pain follow. Pain usually occurs where the plantar fascia attaches at the center/bottom of your heel bone. 

    Plantar Fasciitis is the most common foot condition in the USA. 1 in 10 people will experience this painful ailment at some point in their lifetime. The most common symptom is a stabbing pain on the bottom of your heel. The pain is often worse in the morning or after standing for an extended period.

    Who Gets Plantar Fasciitis?

    Plantar fasciitis is an overuse injury. It is a chronic irritation of the foot due to excessive strain. With this in mind, some people are more prone to developing the condition than others

    What Causes Plantar Fasciitis?

    The plantar fascia, in addition to other muscles and tendons in the foot and lower leg, supports your arch. When excessive forces collapse the arch, plantar fasciitis can occur. 

    Basic Foot Bio-Mechanics

    Here is how your weight should transfer through your foot as you take a normal step:

    1. Your foot strikes the ground at the outside corner of the heel. Wear on your shoe at a 45 degree angle is completely normal.
    2. Your weight moves to the center of your heel, making use of the body's natural fatty pad, located beneath the heel bone.
    3. As the foot rolls forward, your weight transfers along the outside of your foot until it reaches the ball of your foot.
    4. The center of weight then moves inward, across the ball of your foot. This inward rolling motion absorbs some of the shock of the step and is called pronation.
    5. When your center of weight has moved to a spot just behind the 2nd toe, you push off onto the other foot.

    Unfortunately, most people's bio-mechanics are not perfect. Most steps actually end more like this:

    1. As the weight shifts inward across the ball of the foot, it continues past the area behind the second toe. This excessive rolling motion is called over-pronation.
    2. When this happens, the arch of the foot stretches, putting stress on the plantar fascia. In addition, the ankle, knee and hip rotate inward, compromising the alignment of your bones and joints.

    This video explains pronation and over pronation.


    Curing Plantar Fasciitis

    A 3-prong approach works best:

    How To Choose the Best Insoles For Plantar Fasciitis

    Shoe inserts for plantar fasciitis relieve pain by limiting pronation (the foot rolling inward). To be effective, the best insoles for plantar fasciitis should have the following characteristics.

    Tread Labs Plantar Fasciitis Insoles

    The key to finding the right insole to alleviating your plantar fasciitis pain starts with determining your arch height. You'll want to make sure you're giving your aches the full support they need. Once you know your arch height, you can choose your plantar fasciitis inserts based on the shoes in which you'll wear them. We make it easy with our Find Your Fit tool. Start by clicking the button below. 

    FIND YOUR FIT

     

    Heel Spur Vs Plantar Fasciitis: What’s The Difference?

    If your day has ever started with a bothersome pain at the bottom of the heel upon taking your first few steps, you probably wanted to know what was causing it. Heel spurs and plantar fasciitis are two terms frequently used when discussing this type of heel pain. In this post, we'll walk you through heel spur vs plantar fasciitis conditions so you can understand the difference between the two. We'll also offer some recommendations for preventing these conditions and relieving your foot pain.

    Difference Between Heel Spur And Plantar Fasciitis

    For one reason or another, there are some misconceptions about how plantar fasciitis and heel spurs are connected. The main problem is a false belief many people have that heel spurs are a common cause of heel pain. The truth is that while heel spurs might be associated with pain, they are usually not the reason it occurs. Instead, the majority of the time, plantar fasciitis is the responsible party when heel pain strikes.

    What is Plantar Fasciitis?

    The plantar fascia is a thick, connective band of soft tissue that stretches from the back of your heel to the base of your toes. As a ligament, it connects the bones in these two areas and it’s designed to be a shock absorber for the high amount of stress we place on our feet. The plantar fascia is strong and can withstand a great deal of force, but too much pressure can damage or tear it.

    The body responds to this damage by becoming inflamed, and inflammation of the plantar fascia is called plantar fasciitis. As the most common cause of heel pain, plantar fasciitis affects about two million people every year.

    Plantar fasciitis is usually described as a stabbing pain under the arch and/or on the bottom of the foot near the heel. This pain tends to be worse in the morning and after long periods of standing, exercise, or rest. There may also be some redness and swelling in the area.

    Sometime plantar fasciitis can be confused with Achilles tendinitis. The Achilles tendon is the largest and strongest tendon in the body. It attaches the calf muscles to the back of the heel and allows you to stand on your toes when walking, running, or jumping. Achilles tendinitis often develops when active individuals train too hard or intensely without enough rest, and it leads to pain at the back of the heel or directly above it.

    What is a Heel Spur?

    A heel spur is a type of bone spur, or calcium deposit, that develops toward the back of the calcaneus, or heel bone, where the plantar fascia inserts. These small, jagged bumps of bone usually develop in response to lots of trauma—or damage—to the heel. This means that in most cases, heel spurs actually form as a result of plantar fasciitis. If the plantar fascia continues to be damaged for a long period of time, the body will eventually create a heel spur to provide additional support for the heel.

    Heel spurs are associated with a similar stabbing type of sensation in the heel that is usually worse in the morning and comes and goes throughout the day. But the major difference here is that the heel spur itself is rarely the actual cause of this pain. In fact, about 10% of the population has heel spurs whether they know it or not, but only 5% of those with spurs will have heel pain. The true reason for pain in most of these individuals, as you might have guessed, is plantar fasciitis.

    Heel Spurs vs. Plantar Fasciitis: Similarities & Differences

    Here is one of the easiest ways to remember how these two conditions are different: many people have heel spurs without plantar fasciitis or heel pain, but it’s rare to find someone with plantar fasciitis who does not have a heel spur. According to one study, approximately 50% of patients with plantar fasciitis also have bone spurs. Since about 1 in 10 people would show a heel spur on an X-ray of their foot, they are only considered an incidental—or insignificant—finding unless there is also foot pain.

    When a heel spur forms, it is usually not responsible for causing any foot pain on its own. Instead, the pain is due to the foot condition that caused the spur. So, if you have a heel spur and notice pain at the back of the heel, you probably have Achilles tendinitis. If the pain is on the bottom of the heel, plantar fasciitis is most likely the reason. Many people have heel spurs without any symptoms at all, and experts are still trying to figure out exactly how spurs relate to heel pain.

    Since both plantar fasciitis and heel spurs result from a similar process, the risk factors associated with them are shared in common. The following factors increase the chances of developing both conditions:

    It’s also important to point out that although the symptoms of plantar fasciitis and a heel spur seem similar, there is one way to help tell them apart. Plantar fasciitis symptoms may be felt in the arch as well as the heel, some patients have it for a while before they notice the stabbing heel pain. In rare cases where heel spurs are responsible, the jabbing pain will be centered in the heel.

    Treating Both Conditions with the Same Type of Approach

    If you’re experiencing heel pain, your doctor will examine your foot and may recommend an X-ray to confirm the diagnosis. Although plantar fasciitis is the most common cause of heel pain, it’s important to rule out other causes like Achilles tendinitis, stress fractures, a broken heel, or tarsal tunnel syndrome.

    With a diagnosis of either plantar fasciitis or a heel spur, nonsurgical treatments are always recommended first and are usually successful. These include:

    For patients whose pain doesn’t improve after 6-12 months of trying these nonsurgical treatments, surgery may be considered. Surgical options for these conditions usually include gastrocnemius recession of a calf muscle and plantar fascia release.

    Walk Better. Feel Better. Live Better.

    When it comes to heel spur vs plantar fasciitis conditions, it's important to remember that the latter often leads to the former. The good news is that more than 90% of patients with plantar fasciitis will improve in less than 10 months after following these simple nonsurgical treatments. On the other hand, allowing the pain to persist or trying to push through it will only make matters worse and can lead to bigger foot problems.

    With so many different options for treatment, it can be hard to figure out where to start. But, taking charge of your heel pain by finding one that works for you can have you experiencing more mobility and freedom as your heel pain gradually fades away.

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    What Are The Best Insoles For Flat Feet? A Guide To Finding Comfort For Flat Feet

    Foot arch height is unique to each of us, and ranges from flat as a board to sky high. When people with flat feet think about what type of insoles to buy, things can get really confusing.

    Should they look for cushy foam inserts or firm and supportive insoles? Do they need low arch support that mimics their low arches, or higher arch support to create the arch they don't have? Wonder no longer. We're answering these questions and more.

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    The arches of our feet help us move efficiently throughout the day. By allowing the middle part of the foot to flex like a bow, they add shock absorption and flexibility to our gait. Whatever your activity, your arches absorb the physical shock of landing and improve your balance when standing or moving.

    Supporting your arches is crucial to preventing foot pain and injuries. For people with flat feet, it can be tricky finding the perfect amount of arch support. Supporting the arch however, is crucial in preventing pain.

    What Causes Flat Feet?

    Insoles for Flat Feet

    Flat feet (pes planus) occur when the entire bottom of your foot (the sole) touches the ground when you’re standing.

    Both genetic and environmental factors can lead to flat feet. Most of the time, genetic factors will lead to people have flat feet their entire life. However, environmental factors can lead to flat feet later in life. This is called acquired flat foot, or fallen arches.

    Common causes of flat feet include:

    Not sure if you have flat feet? Complete a quick, simple test to determine your arch height.

    What Injuries Are Caused By Flat Feet?

    Whether you have flat feet naturally or fallen arches because of an injury or other condition, both can cause many of the same injuries and problems including tired feet, foot pain, ankle swelling, and overpronation.

    While many of these flat foot problems and injuries can be addressed easily with the right insoles, avoiding them altogether is the goal.

    How Can I Relieve Pain From Flat Feet?

    Strengthening and stretching exercises for the feet, calves and ankles can help alleviate pain related to your low arch height. For long term pain relief, add arch supporting insoles to your footwear.

    Start by taking some time to do the following exercises:

    Strengthen And Stretch The Foot

    A weak "foot core" (intrinsic muscles of the foot) can lead to instability and injury. While we often focus on the big extrinsic muscles that support the ankle and foot (these generate most of the foot's motion), there are 11 small intrinsic muscles located entirely in the foot. These stabilize your foot during strike and push-off. They absorb load and store energy mid-stance. Most importantly, these muscles support the arch of the foot. Strengthening these muscles will allow them to better support the arch.

    Here are two quick foot core exercises:

    Strengthen And Stretch The Calves And Ankle

    Tight calves and Achilles tendons pull up on the ankle, forcing the foot to pronate, or roll inwards. This, in turn, causes the arch to collapse. Stretching the calves and heel cords are important to prevent fallen arches.

    Here are two simple exercises to try:

    Stretching and strengthening the arch and calves will help relieve the pain associated with flat feet. But finding supportive insoles for flat feet will provide the long-term arch support your feet really need.

    Do Flat Feet Need Arch Support Insoles?

    People with flat feet are often confused about how much arch support is optimum. They wonder if a soft, cushy shoe insert is better than a firm one with a defined arch. Flat feet do need arch support insoles, the best of which offer a low, but supportive arch and heel stabilization.

    Finding the best insoles for flat feet starts with identifying the type of flat feet you have - rigid flat feet or flexible flat feet. 

    It is important to make the distinction between rigid flat feet and flexible flat feet because the best flat foot insole arch height for each arch is different. 

    The best insoles for flat feet will have:

    Remember, if you have flat feet, wearing the the right footwear will make a huge different. Shoes that don't offer support or let you add arch support insoles will leave your flat feet feeling tired and in pain at the end of the day. High heels, flip-flops, and sandals can aggravate pain associated with flat feet.

    The best thing you can do for flat feet is to determine the kind you have (rigid or flexible) and add flat feet insoles with the appropriate arch height to your footwear. Supporting your low arches with the best insoles for flat feet will do wonders for relieving pain.

    Have insoles helped you find comfort for your flat feet? Share your story below.

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    Do I Need Custom Molded Orthotics?

    Orthotics are foot supports designed to be worn inside the shoe. Scientific research has demonstrated that both over-the-counter and custom molded orthotics, or orthopedic insoles, are effective in treating lower-extremity injuries and pain. Insoles can also help correct biomechanical irregularities in your feet, and they solve many foot problems such as flat arches and plantar fasciitis.

    Sports podiatrist and Doctor of Podiatric Medicine (DPM) Richard Braver considers orthotics a “cure-all” for many lower-body injuries and pain. According to Braver, “orthotics can prevent and cure a problem by reducing and eliminating the stress that caused it.” Clearly, orthotics are important additions to our shoes. But what are custom orthotics?

    Over-the-Counter Versus Custom-Molded Orthotics

    There are two types of orthotics: over-the-counter and custom-made orthopedic insoles (also called custom molded orthotics). What are the differences between the two?

    1. Over-the-counter inserts encompass a variety of different foot products including arch supports, insoles, heel liners, and foot cushions. Not all prefabricated insoles are made alike, however, especially when it comes to the level of support they offer.
    2. Custom molded orthotics are insoles that have been prescribed by a doctor, often a podiatrist, sports medicine physician, or orthopedic surgeon after conducting a thorough evaluation of your feet, ankles, and legs. They are built for your specific foot and gait, and accommodate your individual foot structure.

    While scientific research has proven that that insoles help treat and prevent leg, foot and lower-extremity injuries,  studies have not found a significant difference between prefabricated versus custom orthotics.

    In fact, Dr. Braver believes that for most people, orthopedic or custom-made orthotics should be a last option. Think of it this way. If you have a headache, you rest, take an anti-inflammatory, and drink water. You probably don’t immediately rush off to get an MRI. It’s the same with orthotics. With prices from $300 to $500, prescription insoles are not necessarily the best option for everyone.

    So who may be a good candidate for custom orthotics?

    People Who May Need Custom Orthopedic Insoles

    1. Diabetics - Diabetes and poor circulation increase the risk of foot ulcers and infections. You might want to see a podiatrist if you have diabetes.
    2. High-performance athletes - Running an ultra-marathon is different than a completing a 5K. If you engage in sustained, high-level activities (particularly weight-bearing ones like running), you could benefit from an orthopedic insole.
    3. People with serious biomechanical issues and recurring injuries that aren’t addressed with over-the-counter versions - Have you tried every single over-the-counter version available and you still suffer from plantar fasciitis, pain or other issues? Prescription orthotics may be a good option. However, you also need to rule out other causes of foot pain such as tight muscles and improper footwear. Seeing both a podiatrist and a physical therapist can help you determine the true cause of lower-extremity pain.

    If you don't fall into these three categories, aftermarket insoles might be a better option.

    The Types Of Custom Orthotics

    1. Functional orthotics - As William R. Olson, DPM, and former President of the American Academy of Podiatric Sports Medicine (AAPSM) writes, “The purpose of the functional orthotic is to accurately and precisely position the foot throughout the gait cycle so as to promote proper function.” These orthotics control abnormal motion. They also treat foot pain and injuries such as tendinitis and shin splints. Functional orthotics are often crafted of semi-rigid materials like plastic and graphite.
    2. Accommodative orthotics - Accommodative orthotics are designed to provide cushion and support. They are often custom-fitted for people suffering from diabetic foot ulcers or painful calluses on the bottom of their feet.

    What To Expect When Getting Fitted for Custom Molded Insoles

    Podiatrist and range of motion test for fitting orthopedic insoles

    If you’ve decided you might be a good candidate for custom-molded insoles, it’s time to see a podiatrist. Here is what you can expect when getting fitted for your orthotics.

    1. A Range of Motion Test - Your podiatrist will measure the motion of all your lower-extremity joints (such as your hips, knees, and ankles) in order to identify any irregularities in joint motion like excessive flexibility or extreme limitation. Your doctor will also establish the weightbearing and non-weightbearing functional positions of these joints. This means he or she will test your joints both when you are standing and walking on them (weightbearing) and when you are lying down (non-weightbearing).
    2. A Muscle Examination - Your podiatrist well test the lower-extremity muscle groups like the quadriceps and calves to identify any overly weak or tight areas. This will allow him or her to assess muscular contributions to your injury, symptoms, or biomechanical problems.
    3. A Non-Weightbearing Neutral Position Cast of the Foot - Your podiatrist will cast your foot to provide a model for the orthotic laboratory. As Dr. Olsen says, “The specific method of casting is critical and must be done accurately in order to achieve an accurate impression of the foot in its neutral position.” This is why stomp-box moldable orthotics are ineffective in treating biomechanical problems. They take an impression in a weightbearing position, thus incorporating any biomechanical issues into the build of the orthotic.

    Questions Your Podiatrist May Ask

    Your podiatrist should perform a thorough examination that includes all the elements listed above as well ask you questions about your pain and foot problems.

    A good podiatrist will ask you to explain the type, frequency, and duration of all the activities you engage in as well as your overall lifestyle. Are you on your feet all day at work, lifting heavy loads? Your podiatrist should know this. Have a long history of plantar fasciitis or stress fractures? This is important information.

    Your podiatrist should also look at the wear pattern of your shoes to understand your gait mechanics. Podiatrists look for the following patterns:

    A thorough examination is the foundation for effective, reliable custom-made orthopedic insoles.

    Well-made, custom-molded orthotics (a pair of orthotics made for a particular individual) are quite expensive ($300 and up), and there is a  small group of people who will benefit from them.

    Custom-molded orthotics are designed to control pronation and increase the comfort and performance of footwear. There are many providers for custom-molded orthotics, and some are better than others. You’ll want to consider a few factors when searching for a provider.

    Finding The Right Custom Molded Orthotics Provider

    A stomp box is used to make custom molded orthotics
    1. Hands-On Evaluation – Great custom-molded orthotics cannot be made without a face-to-face visit. There are a variety of providers who will send out a "Stomp Box," a piece of impression foam in a box. You are instructed to step into the box with each foot and send the resulting impressions off to make your orthotics. Unfortunately, without an experienced provider to position your foot as it makes the impression, your dysfunctional biomechanics may be built into the design of your orthotics.
    2. Type of Provider – A certified Pedorthist (C. Ped) diagnoses foot problems and prescribes orthotics. C. Peds often have the most hands-on experience with orthotics and functional biomechanics. Podiatrists are doctors who specialize in feet. They can diagnose foot problems and prescribe orthotics as well as perform surgery to fix problems.  A chiropractor is involved with the diagnosis and treatment of musculoskeletal disorders. Some provide custom orthotics.
    3. Years of Experience – Getting custom orthotics right is a challenging mix of art and science. It takes years of experience to learn the subtleties of making custom orthotics that meet both the functional and the comfort needs of the client. Choosing someone with a long history of success will increase the chances that the orthotics will be right – the first time.
    4. Hands-On Fabrication – Some practitioners evaluate a client's needs, then transmit the info to a lab that creates the actual orthotics. While this system can work, having the orthotics made at the place of the diagnoses prevents errors in communication and insures that modifications can be easily made if necessary.

    If you’ve decided that custom orthotics aren’t right for you, or that it makes sense to try over-the-counter insoles first, you’ll find you have a lot of choices.

    How To Choose Over-The-Counter Insoles

    The most important thing to consider is that not all over-the-counter inserts are made alike. Their quality and effectiveness varies greatly. And understanding the difference between inserts and insoles is helpful.

    Think about arch supports, feet, and walking the way you think about eyeglasses, eyes, and seeing. Most people (especially as they get older) benefit from some kind of corrective lenses to improve vision. In the same way, most people benefit from arch supports to optimize their stride.

    Shoe Inserts

    Depending on your eyesight, you might need a specific prescription or a simple pair of generic reading glasses found at the drugstore. Generic reading glasses are similar to shoe inserts that don't have much variety in sizing and fit.

    The basic cushioned inserts you find at the drugstore may be cheap, but they lack any structure and they won't provide the needed support.

    Shoe Insoles

    If you require more than drugstore reading glasses, you will need an eye exam, after which you get a prescription for lenses. The prescription is written in a detailed scale because added precision enables better sight.

    Like with glasses, having precision sizing with insoles enables a higher level of support and better biomechanics. For many people, an eye exam and simple prescription is enough, much like aftermarket insoles with precision sizing works for most people in relation to arch support.

    There are different types of insoles:

    When you’re considering  over-the-counter insoles, look for proper fitting medical-grade arch supports that provide comfort as well as support. They should control overpronation and prevent and relieve plantar fasciitis. But most importantly, they should support your active life so you can walk better, feel better, live better.

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    Overpronation: What It Is and Which Shoe Insoles Will Help

    You've probably heard the term "overpronation" before, especially if you've ever been fitted for running shoes. And even if you already know what overpronation is, you may not know why it happens or that there is an easy way to solve it. Read on to learn why pronation occurs and what you can do to mitigate it.

    Over Pronation Explained

    Pronation is the inward rolling of the foot as a step is taken. Over pronation occurs when the foot rolls too far inward before you push off to move forward. When this inward rolling motion goes too far, the alignment of the foot is compromised and there is a loss of efficiency in every step you take.

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    Basic Foot Biomechanics

    Here is a non-video version of what happens when you take a step.


    1. Heel strike happens on the outside of your heel. (Yes, this is normal.)
    2. The weight distribution moves to the center of your heel before progressing forward along the outside of your foot.
    3. When the weight reaches the ball of your foot, it moves across the ball towards the inside of your foot. This inward rolling motion is pronation – a valuable shock-absorbing feature of the foot.
    4. As the foot rolls inward, the ankle, knee and hip follow suit.
    5. For an efficient stride, push-off happens when your weight is just behind the second toe.
    6. Unfortunately, most people continue to roll their feet to the inside. This is overpronation.
    When your foot overpronates, the arch flattens, the toes pivot toward the outside and the ankle, knee and hip rotate inward. None of these motions are positive for your body.
    1. When the arch flattens, it puts stress on the connective tissue between your heel and the ball of your foot, causing fatigue and in some cases plantar fasciitis. In addition, your foot now has a lower instep and tends to slide forward in your shoes.
    2. As the toes pivot outward, the bones of the foot are no longer in a stable position and forward motion is much less efficient.
    3. The inward roll of the ankle, knee and hip can cause discomfort and alignment problems, especially if you are on your feet all day.
    There is an excellent control point to limit pronation for an efficient, comfortable stride. There is a "shelf" on the inside of the heel bone, towards the rear of the arch. This is the calcaneal shelf. Support beneath it is the best way to limit pronation.
    1. By providing support under the Calcaneal shelf, pronation can be controlled.
    2. Spreading the support forward into the arch makes the support much more comfortable.
    3. The most effective support is firm, with a spring-like feeling. An accurate fit is necessary to insure that this firm support is matched to the contours of your foot.

    The Negative Effects of Overpronation

    1. Arch Collapse - As the arch flattens, your foot slides forward in your shoe. This causes friction resulting in blister and/or calluses. When hiking, your toes can hit the end of your shoes causing blackened toe nails and no small amount of discomfort.
    2. Plantar Fasciitis - Constant elongation of the arch puts stress on the connective tissue (plantar fascia) on the bottom of your foot. Plantar fasciitis affects 1 in 10 people at some point in their life and can be excruciatingly painful.
    3. Inefficiency - We all want to get the most out of our efforts. If each step you take is inefficient because your not properly aligned, you're wasting your energy. 
    4. Pain in the Kinetic Chain - Your kinetic chain is the series of joints that are affected by a particular motion. The rolling in of your foot, twists your ankles, knees, hips and back - all in ways that may cause pain or overuse injuries.

    The Best Over Pronation Insoles

    Pronation is a powerful force. Firm support from overpronation inserts is necessary for proper alignment. There are 2 options:

    1. Custom orthotics - Ideal for people with complicated, clinical issues, custom orthotics are expensive. Do you research to make sure that custom is necessary for you and choose a orthotic supplier carefully.
    2. Non-prescription insoles - Many over-the-counter insoles do not provide the firm support to limit pronation. Look for strong molded plastic or carbon fiber arch supports and multiple arch height options.

    Overpronation is a common issue with an easy solution. By adding shoe inserts for pronation to your footwear, you'll improve your alignment and the efficiency of every step you take.

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    Best Supination Insoles & Inserts - Find Relief Today

    Having high arches can be a pain – literally. Foot shape affects pressure on other joints and, if not properly cared for, high arches can lead to knee and hip problems. Another thing affecting people with high arches? Supination.

    Are High Arches The Exact Same Thing As Supination?

    No.  Supination is also known as underpronation, which occurs when the foot doesn’t properly roll inward upon landing. As part of a normal stride, the foot will roll slightly inward after the heel hits the ground (pronation). This cushions the impact and helps you adapt to uneven surface.

    A normal foot pattern rolls inward at around 15% during your stride. When you supinate, your foot rolls in  under 15%. Most of the person’s body weight lands on the outer edges of each foot. Conversely, overpronation is defined as the inward rolling of the foot over 15%.

    Supination can put too much pressure on the Iliotibial (IT) band. Some people who supinate will experience knee pain or achilles tendonitis. Underpronation is less common than overpronation, with up to 10% of people in the U.S. supinating. Those with severe supination are prone to inversion ankle sprains, heel spurs and stress fractures.

    While supination is not the same thing as high arches, it is a condition often caused by them. Not all people with high arches will supinate, but many are at risk. Athletes with high arches should be particularly careful in order to avoid these injuries.

    Can Someone Have Very High Arches And Still Pronate?

    Yes. Though people with high arches often underpronate, that is not always the case. People with high arches can pronate and even overpronate.

    Who Underpronates and Why?

    There are three main characteristics of people who underpronate or supinate.

    1. People who underpronate are often heel strikers – their heel hits the ground first. Then, the foot rolls out, and the force of their body weight is unevenly distributed to the outer edge of the foot
    2. Underpronation is more common in – but not exclusive to – people with high arches. High arches are often more rigid and less flexible. When your foot hits the ground, your arches don't sufficiently flex to accommodate dynamic movement.The force of the stride then pushes the weight towards the outside of the foot.
    3. Tight calves and Achilles tendons magnify the movement of supination. The tightness in the back of the heel and up the leg pulls your foot outwards when it lands. If tight calves and Achilles tendons are the cause of your supination, stretching is an easy solution.

    If you're experiencing these symptoms and the associated pain, there is an easy way to get relief. A quality pair of shoe inserts for supination support can help.

    I Have High Arches, How Can I Tell If I Supinate?

    According to  Runner’s World  there is an easy informal test to see if you supinate. Simply take a well-worn pair of sneakers and place them on a flat surface. Look at the shoes from behind. Do they stand straight? Or do they lean to the outer edges? If they lean dramatically to the edges, there is a high chance that you supinate. See a doctor for confirmation.

    Injuries Associated with Supination

    Like any biomechanical irregularity, underpronation can cause specific injuries. Common injuries associated with supination include:

    Neutral Shoes and Shock Absorption

    Shoe shopping can be difficult for people with high arches. If you underpronate, you need to find shoes that accommodate your gait. Because the body weight is not distributed evenly across the foot, forces of impact remain concentrated on the outside of the shoe. When you push off, your smaller toes do most of the work. This is both inefficient and lessens your ability to properly absorb the impact of your stride. Most specialists recommend finding neutral shoes with extra cushion or shock absorption qualities.

    Other characteristics you should look for in a shoe include:

    Best Shoes For High Arches And Supination

    There are many brands and styles that work well for people with high arches. To find your the best shoes for high arches and supination, it's important to try several pairs on in a store before purchasing. Orthotics for supination can also be a great solution. More on that later.

    New Balance

    New Balance is a great brand of running and walking shoes for people with high arches. Many of their styles provide extra cushioning. Cushion is important because it serves as the shock absorption that high-arched feet typically don’t have on their own. New Balance’s cushion is superior to other brands because of their “ABZORB” technology. ABZORB is a proprietary blend of rubber and foam materials that is very lightweight and can endure many miles of wear.

    Birkenstock

    Birkenstock is another well-known comfort shoe brand. Their sandals provide arch support with a molded footbed. For many, their signature footbed helps redirect and balance pressure. Make sure to try out the sandals in the store. Birkenstock's firm one-size-fits-all footbed is heaven for some but too uncomfortable for others.

    Chaco

    Developed by the founder of Tread Labs, Chaco has been making sandals with robust arch supports for decades. Originally designed for river guides, the number of Chaco styles have increased with time. The original Z/series of sandals has very good arch support. Some of the more recent models have less-pronounced support. Very durable, Chaco sandals will last for years. Many are resoleable and a made-in-USA model is available for a premium price.

    Saucony

    Saucony also makes  great running shoes for those with high arches. Like New Balance, they provide amazing comfort and cushioning. Their PWRGRID+ technology claims to provide 20% more cushion without adding bulk or weight. A selection of their shoes are designed for daily use for neutral or supinated feet.

    Insoles To Prevent Supination

    If biomechanics (and not tight calf muscles) are the cause of underpronation, you will need to go above and beyond buying a pair of neutral, shock-absorbing shoes. Most shoes do not sufficiently support high arches. Thus they won't correct the underlying cause of your underpronation.

    Because having high arches is closely correlated to supination, you need to find  supination insoles that will support the arch during your stride. By supporting your arch, you prevent your foot from rolling out.

    An insole with a deep heel cup will stabilize your heel and acts as extra shock absorption. With the proper insoles for supination correction, you can prevent injury and develop a more efficient stride.

    Are High Arches Passed Down Genetically?

    Sometimes. There are many causes of high arches. People can be born with high arches or develop them later in life. Causes include:

    How Will High Arches Change With Age?

    As people with very high arches grow older, their arches may fall. Weight gain is another cause of fallen arches. A series of tendons and ligaments that attach leg muscles to the foot create the foot’s arch. When these tendons are injured or otherwise loosened, arches begin to fall. This change in foot shape can be painful. Feet will tire easily and put even more stress on knees and ankles. Prevent arches from falling by making sure to wear high arch support insoles and maintaining a healthy lifestyle.

    The Bottom Line

    Millions of people in the U.S. have high arches. With proper foot care and footwear like shoe inserts for supination correction, they should enjoy pain participation in most sports and activities. Staying in tune to your own body and being aware of any discomfort or changes is the best and most proactive way to prevent injury.

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    Bursitis Foot Pain Treatment: The Best Ways To Get Relief And Stay Foot Pain Free

    More common than you might think bursitis foot pain is caused by a number of factors. Some are very easy to address while others take a little more effort. But, getting relief from foot pain caused by bursitis will have a big impact on your daily activities and quality of life. Learn more about what causes foot bursitis and how you can treat it.

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    Your foot is equipped with its own cushioning system that helps reduce the impact of walking and running on hard surfaces. Orthopedic Surgeon and Sports Medicine Specialist, Dr. Jeffrey Tedder, explains, "The bursa is a fluid-filled sac that’s located around joints to help them function. When these are inflamed or irritated, it’s called bursitis, and can decrease the amount of motion in the joint. This most commonly occurs in the heel, hip, knee, shoulder, and thumb."

    If the bursa in your foot becomes inflamed from overuse or injury, you may experience pain, swelling, or bruising in your heel, arch, or metatarsal area (ball of foot). 

    Common Symptoms of Foot Bursitis

    Common areas impacted by bursitis

    What Causes Bursitis?

    There are many things that can contribute to the development of bursitis foot pain. The most common cause of foot bursitis is the overuse or improper use of your foot’s muscles, bones, and tendons. Other common causes include the use of ill-fitting footwear and other biomechanical issues in your feet. 

    Overuse Injuries Can Cause Bursitis In Foot

    Repetitive activities like jumping, dancing, power walking, or running can lead to foot bursitis. This can be especially true if you don’t take the time to stretch and warm-up your body—especially your feet—prior to exercise. Always spend time stretching your body and feet prior to athletic activities to ensure your muscles and tendons are warmed up, with proper blood flow and oxygen.

    If you are not accustomed to strenuous activity, take things slowly when you first begin a new exercise regimen. While you may (and should) be enthusiastic about your healthy new routine, your body needs time to adjust to the new demands. Pacing yourself in the beginning is an important step in becoming fit and avoiding injury.

    Footwear

    Ill-fitting footwear is another culprit when it comes to bursitis. If you regularly run, jump, dance, or spend many hours at a time on your feet, be sure your footwear has:

    Biomechanical Irregularities In The Foot

    Sometimes, bursitis foot pain can be caused by an existing foot irregularity, like Haglund’s deformity—a bone spur that can develop on the heel. The bursa can become inflamed as it tries to cushion the heel and the spur from impact.

    Other conditions that may cause or contribute to bursitis include problems with thyroid levels, infections, arthritis, or diabetes. These medical conditions can be life-threatening if left untreated, so it is important to see a physician if you have symptoms of bursitis in your foot.

    How is Bursitis of the Foot Diagnosed?

    If your doctor suspects you may have bursitis, they will examine your foot and ask you about the symptoms, how often you exercise, when the pain began, and your medical history. To rule out an underlying illness, injury, deformity, or bone fracture, your doctor may order an X-ray, ultrasound, MRI, or blood work. If they suspect an infection, they may remove some fluid from the bursa to test it for gout.

    Note that bursitis foot pain is often confused with other foot conditions, including: plantar fasciitis, a heel spur, Achilles tendinopathy, Sever’s Disease, a trapped nerve, Haglunds’ deformity, or a stone bruise. Depending on the condition your doctor finds, they may refer you to a rheumatologist, orthopedist, or podiatrist.

    Bursitis Foot Treatment Options

    The good news about foot bursitis is that it can be easily managed with proper and prompt attention. Here are a few common bursitis foot treatment options:

    How Insoles Help Bursitis Foot Pain

    Remember, footwear manufacturers design their shoes to fit the widest range of people. That means the vast majority of shoes have minimal arch support. Footwear makers do this because they expect that people who need additional arch support will add an insole.

    You'll get the most out of your footwear by replacing the factory inserts that come in your shoes with firm, supportive insoles. To get the most out of the arch support insoles you're adding to your shoes, look for ones that:

    Podiatrists recommend firm support to improve alignment, control pronation, and deliver long-term comfort. Insoles are a small investment in good lifelong foot health. Add them to your footwear and reap the benefits.

    FIND YOUR FIT

    Arch Height Chart

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